1. Home
  2. Studien
  3. Homebuyers, Liquidity Constraints and Private Market Solutions: European Best Practices
Michael Voigtländer in Intereconomics Externe Veröffentlichung 12. Februar 2019 Homebuyers, Liquidity Constraints and Private Market Solutions: European Best Practices

Even though the cost for owner-occupied homes fell sharply in the last years, homeownership rates in the EU remain sluggish. Sound economic policy would promote homeownership especially as rents are on the rise. Policies that facilitate schemes such as equity release options, housing saving plans and crowdlending seem promising.

Zum Download
Externe Veröffentlichung
European Best Practices
Michael Voigtländer in Intereconomics Externe Veröffentlichung 12. Februar 2019

Homebuyers, Liquidity Constraints and Private Market Solutions: European Best Practices

Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft (IW) Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft (IW)

Even though the cost for owner-occupied homes fell sharply in the last years, homeownership rates in the EU remain sluggish. Sound economic policy would promote homeownership especially as rents are on the rise. Policies that facilitate schemes such as equity release options, housing saving plans and crowdlending seem promising.

Low and temporary subsidies could jump-start private market solutions in those areas. Enabling many individuals to buy a home is sound, since individually-owned homes are a major driver of individual wealth accumulation. Moreover, higher homeownership rates can encourage growth.

The past few years have been characterised by a dramatic decrease in mortgage rates across Europe. In the Eurozone, average interest rates for fi xed-rate mortgages of more than ten years dropped from over five percent in 2008, to less than two percent in the fi rst half of 2018. The
reasons for this development are well-known. First, there is the European Central Bank’s expansionary monetary policy. In order to mitigate the effects of the fi nancial crisis and the sovereign debt crisis, the ECB has pursued a very loose monetary policy, including unorthodox measures such as quantitative easing and the purchase of sovereign bonds. Second, demographic changes are dampening the development of interest rates. In all OECD countries, the population is ageing. What is more, retirement ages have not been fully aligned with increased life expectancy, thus lengthening the period of pension payments. Consequently, households need to save more in order to supplement their pension. Third, investments are stagnating. There are many reasons for this but it is presumed that the shrinking workforce is a main driver since fewer workers tend to result in less need for capital. Furthermore, digitisation demands better-educated workers but fewer capital investments, especially since industry 4.0 focuses on network and machine communication rather than on huge capital investments. Decreasing public investment over time is another contributing factor. Thus, the real interest rate is decreasing as a result of less or stagnating investments and increased savings.While ECB policy is expected to change in the coming years, the demographic factor will endure and gain importance, thereby limiting future increases in mortgage rates.

Zum Download
Externe Veröffentlichung
European Best Practices
Michael Voigtländer in Intereconomics Externe Veröffentlichung 12. Februar 2019

Homebuyers, Liquidity Constraints and Private Market Solutions: European Best Practices

Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft (IW) Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft (IW)

Mehr zum Thema

Artikel lesen
Mietpreissteigerungen setzten sich fort, Kaufpreise stabiler
Pekka Sagner / Michael Voigtländer IW-Report Nr. 26 16. Mai 2024

IW-Wohnindex: Mietpreissteigerungen setzten sich fort, Kaufpreise stabiler

Der vorliegende IW-Wohnindex untersucht die Entwicklung der Kauf- und Mietpreise für Wohnimmobilien in Deutschland. Der Kurzreport erscheint vierteljährig.

IW

Artikel lesen
Michael Voigtländer im 1aLage Podcast Audio 9. Mai 2024

Löst der Renteneintritt der Boomer den nächsten Immobiliencrash aus?

Deutschland ist im demografischen Wandel, immer mehr Menschen gehen in den Ruhestand. Was sind die Effekte für den Wohnungsmarkt? Darüber sprechen IW-Immobilienexperte Michael Voigtländer und Moderator Hauke Wagner im 1aLage Podcast.

IW

Mehr zum Thema

Inhaltselement mit der ID 8880