The demographic transition, digitalisation and decarbonisation all pose major challenges for the state's welfare, spending and fiscal policies. In this Research Unit, our researchers use theoretical and empirical analyses as a basis for discussing the merits of proposed reforms and put forward their own solutions. In addition to the fiscal consequences of such measures, they also investigate the incentives they create and the distribution effects for companies and private households. The aim is to develop ways of achieving a sustainable fiscal policy while also providing affordable, effective and efficient insurance against life's major risks: old age poverty, illness and long-term disability. To meet these needs over the long term, it will be necessary to ensure a competitive business environment for the healthcare industry.
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