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Topics

Our studies, projects and recommendations for action show perspectives for our economy and our society. Here you will find a thematic overview.

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Behavioral Economics and Business Ethics

Behavioral Economics and Business Ethics

Entrepreneurial profit-seeking and the legitimate interests of society are not always in harmony. Business ethics can solve this dilemma. Behavioral economics has further developed the view of human beings from classical economics.

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Companies and Markets

Companies and Markets

Companies are an important pillar of our economy because they create jobs, prosperity and growth. It is the task of politics to support companies in adapting to a changing environment - for example, to promote research and development. 

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Digitization

Digitization

Digitization is penetrating all areas of life and networking people, machines and processes. This is creating immense opportunities for the German economy.

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Distribution and Public Finances

Distribution and Public Finances

The government budgets of the federal government, the states, local authorities and social security funds have a volume of just under half of Germany's GDP. The corona crisis is forcing new spending, but how can an explosion of public debt be prevented?

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Education and Training

Education and Training

From an economic point of view, it is beneficial if policymakers invest in the bright minds of tomorrow and create a competitive, innovative and equitable education system in Germany.

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Environment

Environment

Alongside digitalization, climate change is the megatrend of today. The goal is to shape a sustainable economic policy that is efficient and social.

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Growth and Business Cycle

Growth and Business Cycle

A prospering economy raises the standard of living of the population, creates jobs and fills the state coffers, from which tasks such as education, environmental protection and social security are financed.

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Labor and Income

Labor and Income

The labor market situation of recent years shows: High employment and low unemployment are possible with the right policies and in a flourishing economy.

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Real Estate

Real Estate

Around half of Germany's private assets are invested in real estate. No wonder, because in times of low interest rates, real estate is a safe investment, both privately and commercially.

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All news

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What can Germany learn from France and the United Kingdom?
IW-Analyse No. 145 20. October 2021

Minimum Wage Adjustment and a Living Wage in Germany

Hagen Lesch / Helena Schneider / Christoph Schröder

Germany’s Minimum Wage Act accords a Minimum Wage Commission the task of deciding on a biennial adjustment to the minimum wage. While including an overall assessment, their decision is to be oriented on the development of collective wages.

IW

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An Analysis of Demographic Structures in the 27 EU Countries
IW-Report No. 38 14. October 2021

Working Age Populations Develop Differently in Europe

Wido Geis-Thöne

If Germany does not succeed in attracting immigrants on a large scale in the next few years, the working-age population will decline sharply. According to the European population projection EUROPOP from 2019, the number of 20–64-year-olds could be 11.2 percent lower in 2030 than in 2020, if there would be no migration. In this case, a decline of only 6.9 percent would be expected in the EU average, and only Lithuania would show a more negative development.

IW

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A critique of the EU Commission's proposal for a directive on adequate minimum wages
IW-Policy Paper No. 25 8. October 2021

Do we need a European minimum wage?

Christoph Schröder

In many countries, a paradigm shift in minimum wage policy is discussed, or it has been implemented already. Instead of protecting employees from exploitation as a lower safety line, the minimum wage is intended to provide an adequate standard of living - if possible without government intervention.

IW

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6. Oct 6. Oct
Adriana Neligan Event 6. October 2021

Sustainable Finance: How to finance and achieve global decarbonisation

As governments across the world continue to face the challenge of tackling Covid-19, the current crisis also presents an unprecedented opportunity to reboot global economies in a manner that builds more sustainable, inclusive, and resilient societies, in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement.

IW

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China's digital policy: a threat to European business models
IW-Kurzbericht No. 73 1. October 2021

China's digital policy: a threat to European business models

Vera Demary / Jürgen Matthes

China is making great strides in regulating digitization. Some aspects are similar to European approaches, but Chinese laws on data security and protection go much further. This may result in a threat to European business models.

IW

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