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Studies

Scientific Publications of the Cologne Institute for Economic Research: IW-Trends, IW policy papers, IW-Analysen, IW-Studien, IW-Reports, IW-Kurzberichte and Expertises. Read more about our Approach to Research.

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Investment needs in infrastructure and for the transformation
IW-Policy Paper No. 2 14. May 2024

Challenges for the debt brake

Sebastian Dullien* / Simon Gerards Iglesias / Michael Hüther / Katja Rietzler*

In 2019, Bardt et al. (2019) initially presented a comprehensive estimate of the unmet public investment needs in Germany not covered in household planning at the time, totaling around €460 billion over ten years.

IW

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What factors influence the career ambitions of people with disabilities?
IW-Report No. 25 10. May 2024

What factors influence the career ambitions of people with disabilities?

Carolin Fulda / Oliver Stettes

Many companies in Germany report having difficulties not only in recruiting employees, but also in filling vacant management positions.

IW

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Artificial Intelligence – Will Boosted Productivity Lead to Better Pay?
IW-Trends No. 2 10. May 2024

Artificial Intelligence – Will Boosted Productivity Lead to Better Pay?

Jan Büchel / Roschan Monsef

Artificial intelligence (AI) is already being used in a wide variety of applications both inside and outside the corporate world.

IW

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Obstacles to Data Sharing – An Outline of Recent Developments with Policy Recommendations
IW-Trends No. 2 10. May 2024

Obstacles to Data Sharing – An Outline of Recent Developments with Policy Recommendations

Marc Scheufen

The increasing networking of production processes and the ability of artificial intelligence to analyse ever larger amounts of data offer enormous potential for the German economy. To exploit this potential fully, however, data must be shared.

IW

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Artificial intelligence in society and companies
IW-Report No. 23 8. May 2024

Generative AI in Germany: Artificial intelligence in society and companies

Jan Büchel / Jan Felix Engler

Generative AI has recently caused quite a stir. The reason is that generative AI applications can independently generate content such as texts, images, programming codes or videos that are often difficult to distinguish from human-generated content.

IW

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Securing skilled workers through immigration to universities
IW-Report No. 22 4. May 2024

Securing skilled workers through immigration to universities

Wido Geis-Thöne

Against the backdrop of demographic change, Germany is increasingly dependent on skilled labour from abroad to secure growth and prosperity.

IW

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External Publication
Fostering Scientific Research and Innovation
External Publication 29. April 2024

Open Science as a Means for Development Aid: Fostering Scientific Research and Innovation

*Alexander Cuntz / *Frank Mueller-Langer / *Alessio Muscarnera / *Prince C. Oguguo / Marc Scheufen

Access to prior scientific works and technical information is key to the emergence of new scientific knowledge and innovation (Moser and Biasi 2018, Nagler et al. 2019).

IW

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External Publication
Access to science and innovation in the developing world
External Publication 29. April 2024

Access to science and innovation in the developing world

*Alexander Cuntz / *Frank Mueller-Langer / *Alessio Muscarnera / *Prince C. Oguguo / Marc Scheufen

We examine the implications of lowering barriers to online access to scientific publications for science and innovation in developing countries.

IW

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External Publication
Financing the Sustainability Agenda
External Publication 24. April 2024

Financing the Sustainability Agenda

Markus Demary / Adriana Neligan in Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies

The EU has set legally binding targets for climate-neutrality by 2050. To succeed in the transition to a low-carbon economy, companies need to continuously develop new and improved climate-friendly technologies, and to adopt or move towards low-carbon business models.

IW

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Are Conflicts with the Aims of Monetary Policy Looming?
IW-Trends No. 2 18. April 2024

German Wage Policy between Inflation and Stagnation: Are Conflicts with the Aims of Monetary Policy Looming?

Hagen Lesch

After the economic and financial crisis of 2008/9, the German labour market soon began to recover, creating scope for a comparatively expansive wage policy.

IW

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Understanding Science

  • The scientific work of the German Economic Institute is independent and solution-oriented, internationally networked and socially relevant, methodologically open and interdisciplinary. We address the scientific discourse of experts, the general public as well as opinion leaders in politics, business and society. We want to be an audible voice in the economic policy discourse in Germany.
     
  • Our work is innovative and confronts the scientific discourse: On the basis of scientifically recognized standards, we apply new methods, use new data sets, discuss new arguments and provide solution-oriented answers to current questions in economic analysis and economic policy. Our statements are theoretically founded and, where it is methodologically and empirically possible, evidence-based. We ensure that both the data basis and the methodological approaches are comprehensible. Modern methods of empirical economic and social research are as much a part of our tools as in-depth analyses of the institutional and political-economic conditions of economic developments.
     
  • We do not exclude any theoretical and methodological approach, because diversity and competition promote progress in the sciences. The decisive factor is not a traditional paradigm, but whether and how a scientific approach leads further in the search for decision-guiding and action-relevant knowledge. Our research is not limited to economics, but is connectable to the debates and insights of other disciplines, such as ethics, history, education, political science, psychology, law, and sociology.
     
  • Our research is aware of its normative conditionality. Every science of human social action requires a normative clarification of the concept of man. Freedom and (co-)responsibility are the central values for us. We see the human being as a being capable of freedom and responsibility, who in this sense is enabled and called upon to competent decisions and actions. In our view, open, liberal and democratic societies require a liberal and competitive economic order that counts personal responsibility and shared responsibility among its constitutive elements.
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