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Growth and Business Cycle

A prospering economy raises the standard of living of the population, creates jobs and fills the state coffers, from which tasks such as education, environmental protection and social security are financed.

About the topic

Over the past 60 years, the social market economy has enabled the citizens of the Federal Republic to increase their nominal income fivefold on average. Even though prosperity has grown considerably over the long term, economic setbacks have had to be endured time and again, because economic growth does not proceed uniformly, but in waves. The yardsticks for economic development include consumption, public and private investment and gross domestic product. A positive economic trend with high growth rates and increasing employment is followed by a downturn with low growth and fewer people in work.

The Institute of the German Economy monitors the current economic situation in Germany and economic developments in other countries using various instruments and regularly publishes economic forecasts. In this way, the IW helps to improve the basis for decision-making in politics and business.

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China's digital policy: a threat to European business models
Vera Demary / Jürgen Matthes IW-Kurzbericht No. 73 1. October 2021

China's digital policy: a threat to European business models

China is making great strides in regulating digitization. Some aspects are similar to European approaches, but Chinese laws on data security and protection go much further. This may result in a threat to European business models.

IW

Read the article
Key Issues for Reforming the World Trade Organization
Jürgen Matthes / Kyungjin Song / Chris Hattingh / Stephen Ezell / Philip Thompson External Publication 28. September 2021

Key Issues for Reforming the World Trade Organization

The members of the Global Trade & Innovation Policy Alliance (GTIPA), a network of over 40 think tanks in 26 nations, have come together to articulate a positive vision that trade, globalization, and innovation—if conducted on private enterprise-led, ...

IW

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An Assessment Using the IW Business Location Index
Cornelius Bähr / Hubertus Bardt IW-Trends No. 3 20. September 2021

Germany as a Business Location after the Grand Coalition

The demands of digitalisation and climate protection are creating an additional need for fundamental renewal of Germany’s capital stock.

IW

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Their development, the status quo and current issues
Berthold Busch IW-Analyse No. 144 16. September 2021

The Central and Eastern European Countries in the EU

In economic terms, the enlargement of the EU to include the Central and East ern European countries (CEECs) has been a success.

IW

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Adriana Neligan Event 6. October 2021

Sustainable Finance: How to finance and achieve global decarbonisation

As governments across the world continue to face the challenge of tackling Covid-19, the current crisis also presents an unprecedented opportunity to reboot global economies in a manner that builds more sustainable, inclusive, and resilient societies, in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement.

IW

Read study
China's digital policy: a threat to European business models
IW-Kurzbericht No. 73 1. October 2021

China's digital policy: a threat to European business models

Vera Demary / Jürgen Matthes

China is making great strides in regulating digitization. Some aspects are similar to European approaches, but Chinese laws on data security and protection go much further. This may result in a threat to European business models.

IW

Read study
Key Issues for Reforming the World Trade Organization
External Publication 28. September 2021

Key Issues for Reforming the World Trade Organization

Jürgen Matthes / Kyungjin Song / Chris Hattingh / Stephen Ezell / Philip Thompson

The members of the Global Trade & Innovation Policy Alliance (GTIPA), a network of over 40 think tanks in 26 nations, have come together to articulate a positive vision that trade, globalization, and innovation—if conducted on private enterprise-led, market-based, rules governed terms—can maximize welfare for the world’s citizens (GTIPA, 2017).

IW

Read study
An Assessment Using the IW Business Location Index
IW-Trends No. 3 20. September 2021

Germany as a Business Location after the Grand Coalition

Cornelius Bähr / Hubertus Bardt

The demands of digitalisation and climate protection are creating an additional need for fundamental renewal of Germany’s capital stock.

IW

Read study
Their development, the status quo and current issues
IW-Analyse No. 144 16. September 2021

The Central and Eastern European Countries in the EU

Berthold Busch

In economic terms, the enlargement of the EU to include the Central and East ern European countries (CEECs) has been a success.

IW

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