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Real Estate

Around half of Germany's private assets are invested in real estate. The business with offices, houses and apartments has an impact on the economy as a whole. The real estate markets are also interesting for investors who are looking for safe investments in times of low interest rates.

About the topic

For many, building or buying their own home is the biggest investment of their lives. The need for information is correspondingly high. Many are asking themselves whether they should rather rent or buy and whether buying real estate in the big cities is still worthwhile. The Institute of the German Economy also closely examines the price development of real estate on the basis of various studies. For example, the IW Real Estate Index, the Home Ownership Report or the Student Housing Report regularly provide a detailed insight into various areas and aspects of the real estate market in Germany.

Housing policy is also analyzed in detail: Can instruments such as the rent brake or the rent cap achieve their intended goals? What are the side effects, and above all, are there better alternatives?

But real estate also plays a significant role in the fight against climate change. Buildings produce more than one-third of carbon dioxide emissions. Because modern houses require only a fraction of the energy of older buildings, energy-efficient renovation would make sense in many cases. But this costs money and only pays off after decades - possibly not in the lifetime of many investors, because more than half of German homeowners are over 60 years old. Politicians have recognized that owners need support.

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How the Berlin Rent Cap Affected Private Landlords
Pekka Sagner / Michael Voigtländer IW-Trends No. 3 20. August 2021

How the Berlin Rent Cap Affected Private Landlords

The effects of the Berlin rent cap on the city’s housing market were wide-reaching, with the supply of rental accommodation falling by more than half while the cap was in force.

IW

Read the article
Housing – the new social question?
Pekka Sagner / Maximilian Stockhausen / Michael Voigtländer IW-Analyse No. 136 21. July 2020

Housing – the new social question?

The sharp rise in rents and housing prices in the 2010s, particularly in the major conurbations, has led some to assert that housing is “the social question of our time”.

IW

Read the article
A Regional Analysis
Andrea Hammermann / Michael Voigtländer IW-Trends No. 3 19. July 2020

Office-based Employment in Germany: A Regional Analysis

With many regular surveys now discontinued or using outdated methodology, sound data on office- based employment in Germany are hard to come by. The present study aims to make a full national survey possible by developing an approach to measuring ...

IW

Read the article
Potential Price Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic
Michael Voigtländer IW-Report No. 28 18. June 2020

A Perfect Storm for European Office Markets? – Potential Price Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic

The Covid-19 pandemic is not only endangering the health of people worldwide, but also causes an economic recession. Given past experiences, office markets, specifically the prime market, reacts very strongly to economic downswings. This paper attempts to ...

IW

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Ralph Henger

Dr. Ralph Henger

Senior Economist für Wohnungspolitik und Immobilienökonomik

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Christian Oberst

Dr. Christian Oberst

Senior Economist for Housing Policy and Real Estate Economics

Tel: +49 221 4981-889
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Pekka Sagner

Pekka Sagner

Economist for Housing Policy and Real Estate Economics

Tel: +49 221 4981-881
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Michael Voigtländer

Prof. Dr. Michael Voigtländer

Head of the Research Unit Financial and Real Estate Markets

Tel: +49 221 4981-741
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Read study
How the Berlin Rent Cap Affected Private Landlords
IW-Trends No. 3 20. August 2021

How the Berlin Rent Cap Affected Private Landlords

Pekka Sagner / Michael Voigtländer

The effects of the Berlin rent cap on the city’s housing market were wide-reaching, with the supply of rental accommodation falling by more than half while the cap was in force.

IW

IW

Read study
Housing – the new social question?
IW-Analyse No. 136 21. July 2020

Housing – the new social question?

Pekka Sagner / Maximilian Stockhausen / Michael Voigtländer

The sharp rise in rents and housing prices in the 2010s, particularly in the major conurbations, has led some to assert that housing is “the social question of our time”.

IW

Read study
A Regional Analysis
IW-Trends No. 3 19. July 2020

Office-based Employment in Germany: A Regional Analysis

Andrea Hammermann / Michael Voigtländer

With many regular surveys now discontinued or using outdated methodology, sound data on office- based employment in Germany are hard to come by. The present study aims to make a full national survey possible by developing an approach to measuring administrative employment based on analyses of the BIBB/BAuA Employment Survey, a telephone poll conducted every six years by the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) and the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA).

IW

Read study
Potential Price Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic
IW-Report No. 28 18. June 2020

A Perfect Storm for European Office Markets? – Potential Price Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic

Michael Voigtländer

The Covid-19 pandemic is not only endangering the health of people worldwide, but also causes an economic recession. Given past experiences, office markets, specifically the prime market, reacts very strongly to economic downswings. This paper attempts to derive a likely scenario for the effects in selected European office markets.

IW

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