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Wido Geis IW-Trends No. 2 25. June 2012 Immigration Helps to Meet the Demand for Skilled Labour
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Immigration Helps to Meet the Demand for Skilled Labour
Wido Geis IW-Trends No. 2 25. June 2012

Immigration Helps to Meet the Demand for Skilled Labour

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Immigration makes a valuable contribution to securing the availability of a skilled workforce in Germany. Roughly 27 per cent of the immigrants who came to Germany between 1999 and 2009 had a university degree. Nearly one in eight immigrants was an engineer, a scientist or a physician, professions which were broadly in demand by firms and institutions across Germany. Labour market participation is higher than in the past. Furthermore, the proportion of highly skilled immigrants occupying specialized professional and managerial positions (ISCO 88 major groups 1 and 2) rose from 12 to 21 per cent between 2000 and 2009. In this respect, recent immigrants holding a university degree in mathematics, computer science, the natural sciences, engineering or medicine are estimated to have created additional value added totalling roughly 13 billion euros in 2009.

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Immigration Helps to Meet the Demand for Skilled Labour
Wido Geis IW-Trends No. 2 25. June 2012

Immigration Helps to Meet the Demand for Skilled Labour

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Possible Developments in the Supply of Skilled Workers up to the Year 2040
Wido Geis-Thöne IW-Report No. 11 7. April 2021

Possible Developments in the Supply of Skilled Workers up to the Year 2040

The German labor market is on the verge of a fundamental upheaval. While the number of people in the labor force has risen steadily in recent decades, it is likely to drop significantly as soon as the baby boomers retire.

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Alexander Burstedde / Ruth Maria Schüler IW-Trends No. 4 6. January 2021

Are Wages in Germany Responsive to Skilled Labor Shortages?

The demographic transition is confronting Germany with a growing shortage of skilled workers. In a simple, static labor market model, wages in occupations where the demand for labor is high should rise at an above-average rate to restore market equilibrium.

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