International tax competition makes it possible for multinational enterprises subject to taxation in different countries to minimise their tax burden. While national governments tend to see this as a risk to their tax revenues, companies which have established themselves internationally must be considered a boon to the German treasury. Despite the opportunities for transferring profits abroad, they contribute handsomely to the country’s fiscal system.
The German government’s fiscal responses to the Covid-19 pandemic and the Ukraine war in an attempt to cushion their impact have driven up the country’s general government debt-to-GDP ratio.
The Global Tax Expenditures Database (https://GTED.net/) collects national reports on tax expenditures for 101 countries for the period from 1990 to the present. Based on these data, the development of tax expenditures in the 38 OECD countries between 1999 and ...