In 2009, there were over 16 million people living in Germany who had a migrant background; this represents nearly one fifth of the total population. Of these, 8.8 million were nationals with a foreign background – whose working conditions are in the spotlight of this study. The federal government, the state governments, the social partners and representatives of migrant groups have set up, and are committed to, the National Integration Plan. It aims at improving the education, and particularly the language and occupational skills, of migrants in order to foster their better integration and participation in working life and German society.
In 2022, more people immigrated to Germany than ever before in the history of the Federal Republic. Around 1.46 million more people moved here than left the country, which is more than a quarter more than the previous record of 1.14 million from 2015.
Against the background of the baby boomers leaving the labour market, Germany will be increasingly dependent on skilled workers from abroad in the coming years in order to secure growth and prosperity.