In 2009, there were over 16 million people living in Germany who had a migrant background; this represents nearly one fifth of the total population. Of these, 8.8 million were nationals with a foreign background – whose working conditions are in the spotlight of this study. The federal government, the state governments, the social partners and representatives of migrant groups have set up, and are committed to, the National Integration Plan. It aims at improving the education, and particularly the language and occupational skills, of migrants in order to foster their better integration and participation in working life and German society.
With the retirement of the baby boomers from the labour market, Germany will be increasingly dependent on skilled workers from abroad in the coming years in order to stabilise its economic performance.
If Germany does not succeed in attracting immigrants on a large scale in the next few years, the working-age population will decline sharply. According to the European population projection EUROPOP from 2019, the number of 20–64-year-olds could be 11.2 percent ...