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Jörg Schmidt / Oliver Stettes IW-Trends No. 1 8. March 2021 Who Does What?: On the Impact of Pay Differentials on the Division of Tasks in Couple Households

The present study examines the effects of pay differentials in dual earner couple households on the amount of time that the partners assign to their professional activities and to domestic work. In the context of a gender-specific division of tasks, we investigate how much time the two sexes allocate to their occupations and to household tasks in relation to their partners.

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On the Impact of Pay Differentials on the Division of Tasks in Couple Households
Jörg Schmidt / Oliver Stettes IW-Trends No. 1 8. March 2021

Who Does What?: On the Impact of Pay Differentials on the Division of Tasks in Couple Households

IW-Trends

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The present study examines the effects of pay differentials in dual earner couple households on the amount of time that the partners assign to their professional activities and to domestic work. In the context of a gender-specific division of tasks, we investigate how much time the two sexes allocate to their occupations and to household tasks in relation to their partners.

A woman's average gross hourly wage is 16.3 per cent lower than that of her partner when the pattern of task-sharing is more traditional. However, the female partner receives an average advantage of 6.6 per cent when the traditional roles are reversed. Both a positive age difference between the man and the woman and the existence of children are shown to support a more traditional specialisation. In the context of an economically motivated division of tasks, we analyse the extent to which the household member with the higher gross hourly wage spends more time at professional work and/or less time in household tasks than the other. When economic considerations underlying the division of tasks, the earnings gap between the woman and her partner averages 25.8 per cent. Econometric estimates show that existing wage differentials between the partners support economically motivated specialisation. Since women’s gross hourly wages are on average lower than their partners’, an economically motivated division of tasks often coincides with gender-specific specialisation. Economic considerations of couples can therefore reinforce a more traditional allocation of responsibilities that are already adopted before the birth of the first child.

 

 

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On the Impact of Pay Differentials on the Division of Tasks in Couple Households
Jörg Schmidt / Oliver Stettes IW-Trends No. 1 8. March 2021

Jörg Schmidt, Oliver Stettes: Wer macht was? Zum Einfluss von Entgelt-unterschieden auf die Aufgabenteilung in Paarhaushalten

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Hagen Lesch / Helena Schneider / Christoph Schröder IW-Analyse No. 145 20. October 2021

Minimum Wage Adjustment and a Living Wage in Germany

Germany’s Minimum Wage Act accords a Minimum Wage Commission the task of deciding on a biennial adjustment to the minimum wage. While including an overall assessment, their decision is to be oriented on the development of collective wages.

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Christoph Schröder IW-Policy Paper No. 25 8. October 2021

Do we need a European minimum wage?

In many countries, a paradigm shift in minimum wage policy is discussed, or it has been implemented already. Instead of protecting employees from exploitation as a lower safety line, the minimum wage is intended to provide an adequate standard of living - if ...

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