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Jürgen Matthes in The European Money and Finance Forum External Publication 18. January 2024 Competition from China in the EU market for Germany’s manufacturing sector

China has continuously gained market shares in the EU import market since 2000. At the same time, Germany’s share in EU imports has declined since 2005. This divergence is particularly relevant for sophisticated manufacturing products in which Germany is specialized.

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External Publication
Competition from China in the EU market for Germany’s manufacturing sector
Jürgen Matthes in The European Money and Finance Forum External Publication 18. January 2024

Competition from China in the EU market for Germany’s manufacturing sector

German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

China has continuously gained market shares in the EU import market since 2000. At the same time, Germany’s share in EU imports has declined since 2005. This divergence is particularly relevant for sophisticated manufacturing products in which Germany is specialized.

The diverging trends can be found for all depicted 2-digit-sectors. Moreover, China’s gains and Germany’s losses in the EU market accelerated between 2020 and 2022 in many respects – which would be in line with China plans to upgrade its production structure, e.g. in the course of the strategy ‘Made in China 2025’. This development raises questions about the competitive distortions emanating from China’s state capitalism and about appropriate trade policy responses.

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External Publication
Competition from China in the EU market for Germany’s manufacturing sector
Jürgen Matthes in The European Money and Finance Forum External Publication 18. January 2024

Competition from China in the EU market for Germany’s manufacturing sector

German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

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Luftaufnahme der Innenstadt von Jakarta, der Hauptstadt Indonesiens.
Samina Sultan / Gero Kunath / Henrik Förster/ Jürgen Matthes IW-Report No. 9 15. February 2024

Indonesia: A new Indo-Pacific partner?

Indonesia will elect a new president on 14 February. After ten successful years in office, Joko Widodo is not allowed to run for office again. He has ushered in an era of reform in the country.

IW

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Galina Kolev-Schaefer / Adriana Neligan IW-Report No. 8 8. February 2024

Due Diligence - Effect of Supply Chain regulation: Data-based results on the effects of the German Supply Chain Act

After the agreement of the European Parliament and the Council of the EU in December 2023, a few formal steps remain to introduce the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD).

IW

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