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Jörg Schmidt IW-Trends No. 1 26. March 2020 Occupational Gender Segregation in the Labor Market: Which Role Do Personal Preferences Play?

Personal Preferences Play? Gender segregation in the German labor market has proved to follow a relatively consistent pattern over time. With few exceptions, there have in recent years been only minor changes in the gender composition of individual occupational groups.

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Which Role Do Personal Preferences Play?
Jörg Schmidt IW-Trends No. 1 26. March 2020

Occupational Gender Segregation in the Labor Market: Which Role Do Personal Preferences Play?

IW-Trends

German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

Personal Preferences Play? Gender segregation in the German labor market has proved to follow a relatively consistent pattern over time. With few exceptions, there have in recent years been only minor changes in the gender composition of individual occupational groups.

The causes of this extensive occupational segregation are to be found in a variety of factors that are virtually impossible to capture completely with empirical methods. For this reason, the present study is limited to an analysis of the links between certain personal preferences and the gender typology of occupational groups. Based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel for the year 2016, it can be shown that women and men for whom material preferences ("be able to afford something") are important or very important have an increased tendency to work in mixed or male-typical occupational groups rather than in those typical for women. In addition, there is evidence that men with very pronounced altruistic preferences ("be there for others") are more likely to work in occupations typically held by women. Moreover, the aspect of self-realisation in general seems to be a more important factor for female-typical occupations. The results also suggest that the gender distribution among different occupational groups occurring at the time of the original career choice tends to be weakened by occupational changes during the working life. Even if these findings can ultimately only indicate trends and show that further research is needed, they deserve consideration when discussing gender-specific labour market outcomes, particularly, for example, with regard to the gender pay gap.

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Which Role Do Personal Preferences Play?
Jörg Schmidt IW-Trends No. 1 26. March 2020

Jörg Schmidt: Die berufliche Geschlechtersegregation am Arbeitsmarkt – Welche Rolle spielen persönliche Präferenzen?

IW-Trends

German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

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Solo Self-employed and Contract Workers as Catalysts of Digital Transformation in German Companies
Oliver Stettes IW-Trends No. 1 14. April 2023

Solo Self-employed and Contract Workers as Catalysts of Digital Transformation in German Companies

In 2021, around one in four companies in Germany had solo self-employed workers or employees of outside companies working for them under contract.

IW

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Andrea Hammermann / Jörg Schmidt / Oliver Stettes IW-Analyse No. 149 27. July 2022

Labour turnover in Germany

Labour turnover in Germany tends to be relatively constant over time but decreases slightly in times of economic crisis, such as the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-2009 or the Covid-19 pandemic.

IW

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