1. Home
  2. Studies
  3. Occupational Gender Segregation in the Labor Market: Which Role Do Personal Preferences Play?
Jörg Schmidt IW-Trends No. 1 26. March 2020 Occupational Gender Segregation in the Labor Market: Which Role Do Personal Preferences Play?

Personal Preferences Play? Gender segregation in the German labor market has proved to follow a relatively consistent pattern over time. With few exceptions, there have in recent years been only minor changes in the gender composition of individual occupational groups.

Download PDF
Which Role Do Personal Preferences Play?
Jörg Schmidt IW-Trends No. 1 26. March 2020

Occupational Gender Segregation in the Labor Market: Which Role Do Personal Preferences Play?

IW-Trends

Download PDF

Share this article:

or copy the following link:

The link was added to your clipboard!

Personal Preferences Play? Gender segregation in the German labor market has proved to follow a relatively consistent pattern over time. With few exceptions, there have in recent years been only minor changes in the gender composition of individual occupational groups.

The causes of this extensive occupational segregation are to be found in a variety of factors that are virtually impossible to capture completely with empirical methods. For this reason, the present study is limited to an analysis of the links between certain personal preferences and the gender typology of occupational groups. Based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel for the year 2016, it can be shown that women and men for whom material preferences ("be able to afford something") are important or very important have an increased tendency to work in mixed or male-typical occupational groups rather than in those typical for women. In addition, there is evidence that men with very pronounced altruistic preferences ("be there for others") are more likely to work in occupations typically held by women. Moreover, the aspect of self-realisation in general seems to be a more important factor for female-typical occupations. The results also suggest that the gender distribution among different occupational groups occurring at the time of the original career choice tends to be weakened by occupational changes during the working life. Even if these findings can ultimately only indicate trends and show that further research is needed, they deserve consideration when discussing gender-specific labour market outcomes, particularly, for example, with regard to the gender pay gap.

Download PDF
Which Role Do Personal Preferences Play?
Jörg Schmidt IW-Trends No. 1 26. March 2020

Jörg Schmidt: Die berufliche Geschlechtersegregation am Arbeitsmarkt – Welche Rolle spielen persönliche Präferenzen?

IW-Trends

Download PDF

Share this article:

or copy the following link:

The link was added to your clipboard!

More on the topic

Read the article
Findings from the IW Personnel Panel
Oliver Stettes IW-Report No. 15 10. May 2021

Performance Management in the Covid 19 Crisis

Empirical evidence based on the IW Personnel Survey reveals that around half of the companies in Germany reported negative economic effects of the Covid-19-pandemic.

IW

Read the article
Mareike Decker / Christiane Flüter-Hoffmann / Christina Knödler IW-Report No. 4 10. February 2021

With Rheumatoid Arthritis on the Job

More than half a million people in Germany are diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This is an inflammatory-rheumatic disease that is chronic and usually affects the joints. Many of the persons affected are still in their working life.

IW

More about this topic

Content element with id 8880 Content element with id 9713