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Christina Anger / Wido Geis IW-Trends No. 1 6. March 2017 Educational Level, Educational Mobility and Income: Immigration Presents New Challenges

The income prospects of young people in Germany depend to a large extent on their level of education. 31.5 per cent of those without a vocational qualification are in the lowest quintile of income distribution, while the figure for university graduates is only 7.4 per cent.

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Immigration Presents New Challenges
Christina Anger / Wido Geis IW-Trends No. 1 6. March 2017

Educational Level, Educational Mobility and Income: Immigration Presents New Challenges

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German Economic Institute German Economic Institute

The income prospects of young people in Germany depend to a large extent on their level of education. 31.5 per cent of those without a vocational qualification are in the lowest quintile of income distribution, while the figure for university graduates is only 7.4 per cent.

Reaching a higher level of education is therefore the best way to obtain higher pay. Current trends in the German education system indicate that an increasing number of young people will acquire a university degree and fewer will finish their education without obtaining a vocational qualification. Intergenerational educational mobility also points to a higher level of training. 29.1 per cent of 35- to 44-year-olds have surpassed their father’s level of education and 40.4 per cent their mother’s. By contrast, only 21.6 per cent of this age group have underachieved in comparison with their father and only 11.3 per cent relative to their mother. However, migration has a considerable influence on how education levels develop. The current influx of refugees is bringing into the country relatively large numbers of low–skilled workers. This means that skills levels in the German population are unlikely to improve as much as current trends in the education system would suggest. As a result, the proportion of the population with a lower income may well rise in the next few years.

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Immigration Presents New Challenges
Christina Anger / Wido Geis IW-Trends No. 1 6. March 2017

Christina Anger / Wido Geis: Bildungsstand, Bildungsmobilität und Einkommen – Neue Herausforderungen durch die Zuwanderung

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German Economic Institute German Economic Institute

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Wido Geis-Thöne IW-Trends No. 1 14. May 2022

Children with Non-German-Speaking Parents: an Analysis Based on the Socio-Economic-Panel (SOEP)

Children whose parents lack a good command of German are at a clear disadvantage in the German education system. A dedicated analysis of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) shows that, in 2019, for 10.5 per cent of children under 16 at least one parent, and for ...

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Wido Geis-Thöne IW-Report No. 13 29. March 2022

Emigration from Germany with an overall very positive migration balance

Germany is an immigration country that has recorded large migration gains in recent years. However, the numbers of departures were also at a very high level in 2019 with 1.2 million and 2020 with 970,000. This is mainly explained by the fact that many forms of ...

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