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Wido Geis-Thöne IW-Report No. 64 7. December 2020 In Berlin and Upper Bavaria, over Half of the 30 to 34-Year-Olds are Highly Qualified: An Analysis of the Qualification Structures in the German Regions

The qualification structures of the population vary greatly in the German (NUTS2) regions. While 42.5 percent of 25-64-year olds in Berlin and 40.5 percent in Upper Bavaria are highly qualified, the corresponding percentages in Lower Bavaria and the Weser-Ems region are only 22.8 percent each.

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An Analysis of the Qualification Structures in the German Regions
Wido Geis-Thöne IW-Report No. 64 7. December 2020

In Berlin and Upper Bavaria, over Half of the 30 to 34-Year-Olds are Highly Qualified: An Analysis of the Qualification Structures in the German Regions

IW-Report

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The qualification structures of the population vary greatly in the German (NUTS2) regions. While 42.5 percent of 25-64-year olds in Berlin and 40.5 percent in Upper Bavaria are highly qualified, the corresponding percentages in Lower Bavaria and the Weser-Ems region are only 22.8 percent each.

Looking only at the 30 to 34-year-olds, the range is between 51.3 percent in Berlin and 50.8 percent in Upper Bavaria on the one hand and 21.1 percent in Brandenburg and 21.9 percent in Saxony-Anhalt on the other hand even higher. The proportions of low-skilled workers among 25 to 64-year-olds in Bremen at 19.7 percent and the administrative districts of Düsseldorf at 18.4 percent and Arnsberg at 18.3 percent, each of which covers large parts of the Ruhr area, are also around four times higher than in Thuringia and the Dresden region at 4.8 percent each. Since the level of education of the population is of great importance for the growth potential of the economy and influences local social structures, the development prospects for the regions are very different. This can hardly be changed in the foreseeable future, since improvements in the education system only have an effect on the qualification structures in the regions with a long time lag and, interregional migration movements, which are also relevant for these regions, can only be changed more fundamentally in the long term by the establishment of universities and scientific institutions and similar measures. It should therefore be examined at which points qualification structures give rise to different needs and opportunities for action by the municipalities and other regional players, and where necessary, follow-up action should be taken.

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An Analysis of the Qualification Structures in the German Regions
Wido Geis-Thöne IW-Report No. 64 7. December 2020

Wido Geis-Thöne: In Berlin und Oberbayern sind über die Hälfte der 30- bis 34-Jährigen hochqualifiziert – Eine Betrachtung der Qualifikationsstrukturen in den deutschen Regionen

IW-Report

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Wido Geis-Thöne IW-Report No. 11 7. April 2021

Possible Developments in the Supply of Skilled Workers up to the Year 2040

The German labor market is on the verge of a fundamental upheaval. While the number of people in the labor force has risen steadily in recent decades, it is likely to drop significantly as soon as the baby boomers retire.

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Alexander Burstedde / Ruth Maria Schüler IW-Trends No. 4 6. January 2021

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The demographic transition is confronting Germany with a growing shortage of skilled workers. In a simple, static labor market model, wages in occupations where the demand for labor is high should rise at an above-average rate to restore market equilibrium.

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