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Heiner Dribbusch / Sandra Vogel Expertise 30. April 2009 Self-employed Workers

Industrial Relations and Working Conditions

Self-employed Workers
Heiner Dribbusch / Sandra Vogel Expertise 30. April 2009

Self-employed Workers

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Industrial Relations and Working Conditions

Generally speaking, the number of self-employed workers has risen steadily in the last couple of years. The group of self-employed workers is extremely heterogeneous as it comprises self-employed workers from the liberal professions, persons who are pursuing freelance activities as well as others engaging in low-paid professions. The prototype of selfemployed worker was once by definition excluded from collective forms of the social security system. However, recent years have seen a change concerning the social protection of self-employed workers. Furthermore, unions have tried to organise certain groups of self-employed workers, e.g. freelance journalists. Nonetheless, social partners scarcely represent great parts of self-employed workers due to the heterogeneity of the group.

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Eine Analyse von Mieten und Wohnnutzerkosten für 401 Kreise
Michael Voigtländer / Pekka Sagner Expertise 30. April 2019

Wohnkostenreport 2019: Eine Analyse von Mieten und Wohnnutzerkosten für 401 Kreise

Der Wohnnutzerkostenansatz erlaubt einen Vergleich der Mietkosten und der regelmäßig anfallenden Kosten, die ein Wohneigentümer aufbringen muss. Dieser Ansatz wird genutzt, um die relative Vorteilhaftigkeit von Wohneigentum gegenüber Mieten zu bestimmen.

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