German Economic Institute (IW)
Employer organisations play a decisive role in a variety of fields, such as collective wage bargaining, developments in legislation and the formation of economic and social policy. In particular, national peak employer organisations shape a broad range of issues via their direct and indirect influence on consultative processes at the national and international level. While the role of peak organisations has not considerably changed in recent years, new developments are to be observed at the sectoral level. Employer organisations in certain sectors have endeavoured to enhance their influence by reorganising their structures.
In 2021, German unit labour costs were an average of 13 per cent higher than in the 27 countries in our comparison and 8 per cent higher than in other countries in the Eurozone.
Since the signing of the Stinnes-Legien Agreement in 1918, the collective bargaining autonomy of Germany’s employers’ associations and trade unions has been the subject of continual political debate and at times its legitimacy even called into question.