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Ruth Maria Schüler IW-Trends No. 1 9. March 2022 Pension Concerns in Germany: Determinants and Normative Implications

The level of statutory pensions for future generations is set to decline systematically. If future retirees are to maintain their standard of living, they will therefore need to supplement their statutory benefits with private and occupational pensions – a change already initiated with the pension reforms of the early 2000s.

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Determinants and Normative Implications
Ruth Maria Schüler IW-Trends No. 1 9. March 2022

Pension Concerns in Germany: Determinants and Normative Implications

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German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

The level of statutory pensions for future generations is set to decline systematically. If future retirees are to maintain their standard of living, they will therefore need to supplement their statutory benefits with private and occupational pensions – a change already initiated with the pension reforms of the early 2000s.

However, the occupational and private pension coverage of certain parts of the population, such as low earners, is well below the national average. The present study examines how individuals perceive the issue of old-age pensions, analysing data from the German Socio-Economic Panel to determine how concern about future pension entitlements is distributed among the population. The results show that women, tenants, divorcees and people with relatively low incomes are more likely to be concerned about their pension coverage than their peers in other groups. In addition, those enrolled in an occupational pension scheme are less likely to experience anxiety on this account. While the new government’s coalition agreement includes the possibility of making financial planning for retirement compulsory, albeit with an opt-out clause, the empirical findings presented here suggest that it would be more advisable to focus on those parts of the population facing a high risk of old-age poverty and concentrating on fostering adequate pension provision there.

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Determinants and Normative Implications
Ruth Maria Schüler IW-Trends No. 1 9. March 2022

Pension Concerns in Germany: Determinants and Normative Implications

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German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

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Should the State Pension Scheme Take Different Socio-demographic Backgrounds into Account?
Florian Blank / Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan, Maximilian Schaller / Jochen Pimpertz / Reinhold Thiede / Martin Werding IW-Trends No. 2 6. July 2022

Should the State Pension Scheme Take Different Socio-demographic Backgrounds into Account?

While German law stipulates a standard retirement age for all members of the public pension scheme, empirical studies have shown that life expectancy is unevenly distributed within the population, varying according to income level, professional status, ...

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Martin Beznoska / Jochen Pimpertz / Maximilian Stockhausen IW-Analyse No. 143 13. July 2021

Would universal health insurance lead to more solidarity?

The principle behind Germany’s statutory health insurance (SHI) system, into which all employees up to a certain income threshold are obliged to pay a per¬centage of their earnings, is one of solidarity.

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