1. Home
  2. Studies
  3. The Impact of Free Movement of Workers on Migration Flows and the Labour Market
Holger Schäfer IW-Trends No. 2 25. June 2011 The Impact of Free Movement of Workers on Migration Flows and the Labour Market
Download PDF
The Impact of Free Movement of Workers on Migration Flows and the Labour Market
Holger Schäfer IW-Trends No. 2 25. June 2011

The Impact of Free Movement of Workers on Migration Flows and the Labour Market

Download PDF

Share this article:

or copy the following link:

The link was added to your clipboard!

German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

In May 2011, Germany is one of the last EU-15-countries that will implement freedom of movement for workers from eight eastern European EU-accession countries. The question is now how this loss of control for migration policy will affect migration flows. Existing studies expect only a moderate increase in net migration to Germany, but they usually assume that all EU-15 countries take the same step at the same time. In fact, Germany and Austria are the last countries to do so while the UK, Sweden and Ireland already lifted all restrictions in 2004. Therefore, migration flows may have been diverted permanently. An estimation based on a recent Eurobarometer survey shows that in the long run, migration from Eastern Europe to Germany will reach a maximum of 1.2 million over a period of ten years. In the first two years after the right of free movement is enforced, the initial annual net migration may reach several hundred thousand. Compared to earlier immigration waves, such as in the 1990s or 1970s, these numbers are rather moderate. In the context of a high cyclical labour demand, immigrants from Eastern Europe can help to alleviate labour shortages caused by the long-term demographic change.

Download | PDF

Download PDF
The Impact of Free Movement of Workers on Migration Flows and the Labour Market
Holger Schäfer IW-Trends No. 2 25. June 2011

The Impact of Free Movement of Workers on Migration Flows and the Labour Market

Download PDF

German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

Share this article:

or copy the following link:

The link was added to your clipboard!

More on the topic

Read the article
Educational attainment of the population in a European comparison
Wido Geis-Thöne IW-Report No. 3 21. January 2023

Educational attainment of the population in a European comparison

With the increasing shortage of skilled labour against the backdrop of demographic change and the changing demands on employees in the context of digitalisation, decarbonisation and de-globalisation, it is becoming increasingly important for Germany and Europe ...

IW

Read the article
Berthold Busch / Samina Sultan IW-Analyse No. 152 12. January 2023

EU Enlargement? Alternative concepts to full membership

Debate on whether the European Union (EU) should accept new members has recently gained momentum. In June 2022, just months after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the European Council granted both the latter nation and the Republic of Moldova the status of ...

IW

More about this topic

Content element with id 8880 Content element with id 9713