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Jörg Bienert / Klaus-Günter Deutsch / Hans-Peter Klös / Klaus-Heiner Röhl IW-Policy Paper No. 13 23. August 2018 Ways to rejuvenate the German industrial model: Skills, entrepreneurship and new business models

This paper identifies key areas for leaders to keep the “German model” successful, from developing digitized business cases to future skill requirements and ways to foster entrepreneurship.

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Skills, entrepreneurship and new business models
Jörg Bienert / Klaus-Günter Deutsch / Hans-Peter Klös / Klaus-Heiner Röhl IW-Policy Paper No. 13 23. August 2018

Ways to rejuvenate the German industrial model: Skills, entrepreneurship and new business models

IW-Policy Paper

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This paper identifies key areas for leaders to keep the “German model” successful, from developing digitized business cases to future skill requirements and ways to foster entrepreneurship.

New business models are at the heart of the global competitive challenge. In several areas of manufacturing and closely related services industries, new market participants, business models and technologies lead to faster change in market conditions and the competitive environment. These developments pose new challenges for the successful German industrial system. Strategic treatment of innovation, a stronger focus on disruptive technologies or business models, organizational experimentation such as spin-outs to retain entrepreneurial employees, less intra-corporate bureaucracy in such ventures and the interaction with new business partners are key elements to master the evolving challenges. Entrepreneurship, new business models and innovation in rapidly changing markets should be fostered by focused approaches of management and general economic policies. This includes measures to facilitate to entrepreneurship education, an entrepreurial culture and corporate training.

Public policy should strengthen innovation and entrepreneurship through direct funding programmes for research and development of new products. This can be accomplished through a well-designed system of tax exemption of corporate R&D activities and by providing broad tax incentives for implementing new technologies in private investment, in partic-ular by small and medium-sized firms. Public policy should also reform their systems of investment promotion by tax schemes or direct funding in terms of the definition of innova-tion itself. The same holds for fostering collaborative ventures and an innovation friendly treatment of collateral and liability issues. The goal is to establish a well-capitalized and effective system for innovation financing using private capital sources ranging from seed capital over venture capital up to investment into high tech companies.

Rapid expansion of modern broadband and 5G mobile infrastructure is absolutely essential for new business models and technologies in a broad range of industries. Fostering eGovernment initiatives is highly necessary to cut red tape in public administration. The legal framework improvements in areas such as data protection and use and liability law should reflect openness for new business models and technologies. In this context, a special focus should be laid on digital technologies in public, private and corporate education and training.

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Skills, entrepreneurship and new business models
Jörg Bienert / Klaus-Günter Deutsch / Hans-Peter Klös / Klaus-Heiner Röhl IW-Policy Paper No. 13 23. August 2018

Jörg Bienert / Klaus-Günter Deutsch / Hans-Peter Klös / Klaus-Heiner Röhl: Skills, entrepreneurship and new business models

IW-Policy Paper

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Klaus-Heiner Röhl at the Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship External Publication 10. May 2018

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Many parts of Europe are lagging behind the United States in the number of successful start-ups as most European regions are characterized by little entrepreneurial activity. Innovative start-ups aiming to become global companies are scarce, reducing the ...

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Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln / Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln Consult IW-Studie 15. January 2015

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