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Klaus-Heiner Röhl at the Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship External Publication 10. May 2018 Entrepreneurship: A comparative study of the interplay of culture and personality from a regional perspective

Many parts of Europe are lagging behind the United States in the number of successful start-ups as most European regions are characterized by little entrepreneurial activity. Innovative start-ups aiming to become global companies are scarce, reducing the overall growth potential.

A comparative study of the interplay of culture and personality from a regional perspective
Klaus-Heiner Röhl at the Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship External Publication 10. May 2018

Entrepreneurship: A comparative study of the interplay of culture and personality from a regional perspective

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Many parts of Europe are lagging behind the United States in the number of successful start-ups as most European regions are characterized by little entrepreneurial activity. Innovative start-ups aiming to become global companies are scarce, reducing the overall growth potential.

There are strong indications that weak entrepreneurship also has a cultural dimension. Differences in entrepreneurial activity are therefore discussed in the light of cultural, personal and institutional factors, which interact on a regional level to generate a multifaceted entrepreneurial environment. The goal of this research is to shed more light on possible reasons for the persisting regional differences in entrepreneurial activity, especially for innovative start-ups, through the lens of cultural factors and personality traits. Regions strong in start-ups appear to have a specific entrepreneurial spirit supported by entrepreneur-friendly institutions and networking between regional actors. Therefore, this paper examines what defines the specific culture of successful start-up regions based on several branches in literature in entrepreneurship and regional research. The different start-up environments in Europe and the United States are summarily reviewed in light of these findings, showing fundamental differences. The discussion of findings focuses on the interplay of culture and personality, resulting in recommendations on ways to strengthen entrepreneurial culture.

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