- Berthold Busch ·
- IW-Analyse No. 137 ·
- 28 July 2020
The British go it alone in Europe
On 31 January 2020 the United Kingdom formally separated from the European Union. Having abandoned its role as an outsider in (western) European integration to join the then European Economic Community (EEC) in the early 1970s, the country proved to be a difficult member that was ultimately no longer prepared to support the further deepening of European integration.