1. Home
  2. Studies
  3. The Trend Towards Second Jobs – Just a Question of Money?
Roschan Monsef / Holger Schäfer / Jörg Schmidt IW-Trends No. 2 25. May 2021 The Trend Towards Second Jobs – Just a Question of Money?

In recent years, an increasing number of dependent employees have become multiple jobholders.

Download Study
The Trend Towards Second Jobs – Just a Question of Money?
Roschan Monsef / Holger Schäfer / Jörg Schmidt IW-Trends No. 2 25. May 2021

The Trend Towards Second Jobs – Just a Question of Money?

Download Study Quote

Copy the information

The link was added to your clipboard!

Share this article:

or copy the following link:

The link was added to your clipboard!

German Economic Institute German Economic Institute

In recent years, an increasing number of dependent employees have become multiple jobholders.

This study investigates whether such secondary employment is primarily pursued to avoid social hardship. An empirical analysis shows that the motives of multiple jobholders differ significantly according to whether their ‘moonlighting’ involves dependent or self-employment. 41 per cent of employees who are self-employed in their side jobs have a university degree, a proportion significantly higher than the one among single jobholders and those working for more than one employer. Moreover, their main income tends to be above average. For employee multiple jobholders, on the other hand, financial factors are likely to play a key role. Not only is their gross hourly wage in their main job likely to be lower than that of single jobholders but their primary employment is also considerably more likely to be part-time. However, the total household income of employee multiple jobholders, including income from side jobs, does not differ significantly from that of single jobholders. Further analyses show that employees with lower main income are more likely to be holding down multiple jobs, even under otherwise equal conditions. However, this does not apply if income from secondary employment is also taken into account. Labour policy which made secondary employment less attractive, for example by raising the tax and insurance burdens for limited-hour contracts, could therefore increase the risk of poverty for those whose earning potential in their main job is limited.

Download Study
The Trend Towards Second Jobs – Just a Question of Money?
Roschan Monsef / Holger Schäfer / Jörg Schmidt IW-Trends No. 2 25. May 2021

The Trend Towards Second Jobs – Just a Question of Money?

Download Study Quote

Copy the information

The link was added to your clipboard!

German Economic Institute German Economic Institute

Share this article:

or copy the following link:

The link was added to your clipboard!

More on the topic

Read the article
an Analysis Based on the Socio-Economic-Panel (SOEP)
Wido Geis-Thöne IW-Trends No. 1 14. May 2022

Children with Non-German-Speaking Parents: an Analysis Based on the Socio-Economic-Panel (SOEP)

Children whose parents lack a good command of German are at a clear disadvantage in the German education system. A dedicated analysis of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) shows that, in 2019, for 10.5 per cent of children under 16 at least one parent, and for ...

IW

Read the article
Helena Bach / Hagen Lesch / Sandra Vogel IW-Analyse No. 148 31. March 2022

The Legitimacy of Free Collective Bargaining in Germany

Since the signing of the Stinnes-Legien Agreement in 1918, the collective bargaining autonomy of Germany’s employers’ associations and trade unions has been the subject of continual political debate and at times its legitimacy even called into question.

IW

More about this topic

Content element with id 8880 Content element with id 9713