According to the IW-Survey on the Balance between Flexibility and Stability most companies cultivate a management style that simultaneously aims to flexibilise and stabilise employment relations as well as work processes. Thus, flexibility and stability are rather complements than substitutes. This resulting management style can be characterised as the existence of trust in the responsibility of employees, the ambition that workers are to act likewise entrepreneurs, the implementation of annual consultations between the manager and the individual worker and the commitment of managers to promoting job satisfaction and motivation. The survey also shows that the likelihood of pursuing a combined flexibility- and stability-orientated approach is significantly higher in innovative and very successful companies. This holds also for specific personnel and organisational policies.
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The demographic transition is expected to leave Germany with a serious shortage of skilled workers. To alleviate this bottleneck, more young people from abroad should be trained at German universities and offered the prospect of long-term residence.
The contact reduction measures during the Corona pandemic had a strong impact on everyday life in the German dual system of vocational training. Regarding the work-based training within the companies, the question arises as to which extent distance learning ...