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Haag, Maike / Kempermann, Hanno / Kohlisch, Enno / Koppel, Oliver, 2023, Innovationsatlas 2023. Die Innovationskraft der deutschen Regionen, IW-Analyse, Nr. 153, Köln
Haag, Maike / Kohlisch, Enno / Koppel, Oliver, 2022, Innovation und Vielfalt. Migration verhindert Rückgang bei Patentanmeldungen, IW-Kurzbericht, Nr. 84, Köln
All indicators of innovative strength in Germany – from research intensity and scientific and technical employment structures to patent successes – point to a strong south-north, west-east and urban-rural divide.
Migration makes an indispensable contribution to Germany's innovative strength: a record 12.2 percent of all patent applications developed in this country are entirely attributable to inventors with foreign roots. Many German companies already show considerable diversity in this respect.