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Roland Kube / Finn Wendland IW-Policy Paper No. 13 14. July 2021 How the EU can achieve the 2030 climate targets in the road transport and building heat sectors

With the upcoming Fit-for-55 package the European Commission works towards implementing a set of wide-ranging legislative proposals to align policy frameworks across the EU with the objectives of the EU Green Deal.

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How the EU can achieve the 2030 climate targets in the road transport and building heat sectors
Roland Kube / Finn Wendland IW-Policy Paper No. 13 14. July 2021

How the EU can achieve the 2030 climate targets in the road transport and building heat sectors

German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

With the upcoming Fit-for-55 package the European Commission works towards implementing a set of wide-ranging legislative proposals to align policy frameworks across the EU with the objectives of the EU Green Deal.

This study examines four regulatory options, including carbon pricing, for the road transport and buildings sectors, which are responsible for 40 percent of GHG emissions and so far not covered under the EU-ETS. While a swift harmonization of carbon pricing mechanisms under one uniform framework, covering all countries and sectors, may seem theoretically appealing on the basis of economic efficiency and cost minimization, severe distributional implications, both economically (carbon-leakage) and socially, undermine such options as practicable at least in the short-term. Alternatively, we propose the introduction of a separate 2. ETS in combination with an emissions-oriented reform of the existing energy taxation rules as a framework which proves economically efficient, socially balanced and ecologically effective. Any carbon pricing scenario should integrate complementary social measures for cost redistribution favouring low-income households, as well as measures to maintain industry competitiveness. Additional measures supporting a conversion of parallel carbon pricing systems may minimize the economic costs of the EU Green Deal over the long-term.

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How the EU can achieve the 2030 climate targets in the road transport and building heat sectors
Roland Kube / Finn Wendland IW-Policy Paper No. 13 14. July 2021

How the EU can achieve the 2030 climate targets in the road transport and building heat sectors

German Economic Institute (IW) German Economic Institute (IW)

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Markus Demary / Adriana Neligan in Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies External Publication 24. April 2024

Financing the Sustainability Agenda

The EU has set legally binding targets for climate-neutrality by 2050. To succeed in the transition to a low-carbon economy, companies need to continuously develop new and improved climate-friendly technologies, and to adopt or move towards low-carbon business ...

IW

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Christian Rusche / Thilo Schaefer in Intereconomics External Publication 8. April 2024

Is the EU Fit for 55 and Beyond?

Ursula von der Leyen was elected President of the European Commission by the European Parliament in July 2019. She assumed office in November 2019 and unveiled the European Green Deal in December 2019 (European Commission, 2023a) as a focal point of European ...

IW

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