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Hubertus Bardt / Sebastian Dullien / Michael Hüther / Katja Rietzler IW-Policy Paper No. 6 21. March 2020 For a Sound Fiscal Policy: Enabling Public Investment

Public investment has been badly neglected in Germany over the past two decades, with the result that the public capital stock no longer meets the standards of a modern economy and is inadequate for the challenges that will be posed by demographic change and Germany’s international decarbonization commitments.

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Enabling Public Investment
Hubertus Bardt / Sebastian Dullien / Michael Hüther / Katja Rietzler IW-Policy Paper No. 6 21. March 2020

For a Sound Fiscal Policy: Enabling Public Investment

IW-Policy Paper

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Public investment has been badly neglected in Germany over the past two decades, with the result that the public capital stock no longer meets the standards of a modern economy and is inadequate for the challenges that will be posed by demographic change and Germany’s international decarbonization commitments.

In total, the areas of education, transport, communication networks and decarbonisation will require at least an additional €450 billion of public investment or public investment subsidies over the next 10 years, equivalent to approximately €45 billion a year.

While this amount is manageable in overall economic terms, it is unrealistic to suggest that the required investment can be financed entirely through the reallocation of existing funds within the budget. Consequently, the German Constitution’s debt rules should be supplemented by a Golden Rule allowing for borrowing equivalent to the value of the net investment. The leeway offered by mechanisms such as off-budget entities should be utilised until such a rule has been implemented. A sustained reduction in local government debt will also be important in view of the key role played by the municipalities in public investment, especially in transport infrastructure.

Download PDF
Enabling Public Investment
Hubertus Bardt / Sebastian Dullien / Michael Hüther / Katja Rietzler IW-Policy Paper No. 6 21. March 2020

Hubertus Bardt, Sebastian Dullien, Michael Hüther, Katja Rietzler: For a sound fiscal policy – Enabling public investment

IW-Policy Paper

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Disrupted Production, Price Rises and Pandemic Policies
IW-Forschungsgruppe Gesamtwirtschaftliche Analysen und Konjunktur IW-Trends No. 4 29. November 2021

IW Economic Forecast Winter 2021: Disrupted Production, Price Rises and Pandemic Policies

In the course of 2021 Germany’s economic recovery has once again perceptibly lost momentum. After the strain brought about at the beginning of the year by the lockdown for the second and third waves of the Covid19 pandemic, manufacturing and construction ...

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Hubertus Bardt / Matthias Diermeier / Michael Grömling / Michael Hüther / Thomas Obst IW-Report No. 27 9. August 2021

Supply bottlenecks and price developments for raw materials and inputs

Having experienced strict economic lockdowns, the post-pandemic period various sectors report severe supply side bottlenecks and price increases for intermediate goods.

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