Education Policy

Education Policy Arrow

Enjoying few natural resources, Germany is particularly reliant on ideas. The government’s primary task must therefore be to invest in minds, in other words, to create an innovative and internationally competitive education system. more

Labour Market

Labour Market Arrow

Unemployment is not a necessary evil but a problem which can be combated by taking the right long-term decisions. This has been amply demonstrated by the experience of other countries and the remarkable reduction of unemployment in Germany since 2006. more

Income and Wealth

Income and Wealth Arrow

From the middle of the 1990s inequality in Germany seemed to be increasing inexorably. Recently, however, the income gap has closed again somewhat. more

Financial Policy

Financial Policy Arrow

For decades the public budgets in Germany have been out of kilter. National, state and local governments and the social insurance institutions spend well over half of their funds on welfare. more

Social Policy

Social Policy Arrow

Germany spends around a third of its gross domestic product on social benefits, more than any other industrial country. Demographic change will raise the need for social protection even further. more

The State

State an Society Arrow

The State provides many goods and services. Ideally, it restricts itself to public goods, such as roads and schools, which could be supplied either not at all, or only inadequately, by the market. more


Demography Arrow

Rising life expectancy and a low birth rate mean that the society is ageing and shrinking. Demographic change is hitting Germany harder than most other industrialised countries. more

Umwelt und Energie

Environment and Energy Arrow

Environmental and energy policies are modelled on the concept of sustainable development, harmonising economic, social and environmental goals. Environment policy is expected to achieve its ecological objectives at the lowest possible cost and without creating social problems.  more

Companies and Sectors

Companies and Sectors Arrow

The German economy is characterised by its ‘Mittelstand’, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) which are often family-owned. Although by definition such companies have fewer than 500 employees, they account for some three quarters of all jobs. Many of these firms have succeeded by specialising in the production of high-value customised niche products. more

Growth and Innovation

Growth and Innovation Arrow

A flourishing economy raises living standards, creates jobs and fills the public coffers with the funds necessary for such tasks as education, environmental protection and social security. more

Globalisation and Europe

Globalisation and Europe Arrow

Cross-border trade in goods and services, the exchange of savings and investment capital – in short: the international division of labour – are responsible for a large part of the prosperity enjoyed by the world’s population. Germany is particularly deeply involved in this global supply network. more