This debate has gained traction recently with the Five-Presidents-Report and a work programme of the EU Commission.

In brief, we argue that:

  • The recent crisis was exceptional, because several extraordinary factors contributed to its severity that are unlikely to repeat.
  • The remaining crisis legacy is likely to be temporary and should thus be tackled with temporary instruments only, such as the ECB’s unconventional monetary policy, for example.
  • Reforms already implemented and yet to be taken can prevent excessive financial cycles in the future so that future crises in the euro area will be less severe.
  • The functioning of EMU has been improved by recent reforms and need to be enhanced by some additional reforms mainly regarding the financial market.
  • On this basis, euro area countries will be much better able to deal with idiosyncratic crises of a more “standard” size.


Jürgen Matthes / Anna Iara: On the Future of EMU: Targeted reforms instead of more fiscal integration

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Jürgen Matthes: On the Future of EMU: Targeted reforms instead of more fiscal integration – Extended Summary

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IW-Report, 21. Juli 2017

Markus Demary IW Financial Expert Survey – 3. Quartal 2017Arrow

Die Prognostiker von Banken und Versicherungen rechnen mit höheren Zinsen, steigenden Aktienkursen, einer Abwertung des Euro gegenüber dem US-Dollar und steigenden Ölpreisen. Das zeigt der IW Financial Expert Survey für das 3. Quartal 2017. mehr

Future of the European Monetary Union – how to deepen the Eurozone?
Veranstaltung, 28. Juni 2017

Working Breakfast Future of the European Monetary UnionArrow

The Cologne Institute for Economic Research (IW Köln) and the Association of German Banks (BdB) have successfully launched a series of events on the topic of the European Financial Markets. mehr

An Evaluation of  Sovereign-backed Securities (SBSs)
IW policy paper, 28. Juni 2017

Markus Demary / Jürgen Matthes An Evaluation of Sovereign-backed Securities (SBSs)Arrow

The EU Commission proposes establishing Sovereign-Backed Securities (SBSs) as a class of safe assets for the euro area. SBSs are generated by an issuing agency that would purchase a large diversified portfolio of national sovereign bonds, and finance the purchases by issuing (at least) two types of structured bonds: a risk-free senior SBSs tranche and a risky junior SBSs tranche. mehr