With the advent of the all-embracing digitization, the internet-based collaborative economy, which harnesses the power of technology to connect people in transactions, is on the rise. It provides services in a different way than traditional economies: Traditional service providers typically adopt a pipe-like business model, employing staff within a single enterprise to supply a service directly to a particular segment of the market. The collaborative economy, by contrast, mainly consists of peer-to-peer (P2P) online platforms, which are characterized by networkbased business models. The tremendous success of many collaborative platforms might be indicative of substantial efficiency gains that can be realized in collaborative business models, but not in traditional business models. The purpose of this impulse paper is twofold:

First, it examines whether there are efficiency gains in the collaborative economy by carrying out a comparative analysis of the business model of a collaborative platform and a traditional enterprise providing broadly the same service. Second, given the efficiency gains realized in the collaborative economy, the growth trajectories of a US-based and of a European collaborative platform are compared in order to single out potential barriers arising in the EU environment. Based on these barriers, policy recommendations are provided that could foster the growth of collaborative platforms and thereby the realization of efficiency gains.

Impulse Paper No. 07 for the European Commission, Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs Directorate-General

Vera Demary / Barbara Engels: Collaborative Business Models and Efficiency – Potential Efficiency Gains in the European Union

IconDownload | PDF

Ansprechpartner

Das Privacy Paradox: Digitalisierung versus Privatsphäre
IW-Kurzbericht, 14. August 2017

Barbara Engels / Mara Grunewald Das Privacy Paradox: Digitalisierung versus PrivatsphäreArrow

Wir shoppen online, kommunizieren über soziale Medien, nutzen Dating-Portale und Payback-Karten. Dabei geben wir eine Vielzahl an persönlichen Daten preis – und beschweren uns gleichzeitig über fehlenden Datenschutz. mehr

EU-Reform: Europa, pack es an!
Gastbeitrag, 8. August 2017

Agnès Bénassy-Quéré, Michael Hüther, Philippe Martin und Guntram Wolff auf Spiegel Online und in Le Monde EU-Reform: Europa, pack es an!Arrow

Die Europäische Union hat jetzt die Chance, sich zu erneuern - wenn sie die richtigen Weichen stellt. Was muss jetzt getan werden? Drei gemeinsame Vorschläge von vier europäischen Wirtschaftsexperten auf Spiegel Online und in der französischen Tageszeitung Le Monde (die französische Version steht unter dem deutschen Beitrag). mehr