Today, the success of neighbouring countries’ social models is often referred to when one’s own country is stuck with a complicated reform. Governments and corporate managements also regularly mention the advantages of this model to suggest transposing it.

It’s the case in France for instance where, in some cases, the British social model is praised for its flexibility or, in other instances, the German model for its co-determination principle.

But is it possible to transpose something considered as a success in another country? Can an agreement signed in an Italian company become a reference for a German firm?

This study is trying to answer these difficult questions, mainly focusing on corporate case studies. We thought it would be interesting to focus on the levers used to look for competitiveness through collective bargaining in companies in 4 countries (France, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom).

What are the levers used? Are they the same everywhere? Can they really be transposed? Remember that each country has its own history, collective bargaining organization and stakeholders, and that all these elements build a special industrial relations model.

This was verified with the latest reforms encouraged by the European Commission these last two years. Reforms affecting pensions, unemployment insurance or the labour market were only possible via compromises reached in each country.

The last two Notes de conjoncture sociale done by Entreprise&Personnel focus on these reforms in the European Union. Some were done by the lawmaker and/or with the social partners.

However, before we start analysing company collective agreements on competitiveness (III), we will spend some time on the general principles of industrial relations in individual countries (I) and on recent collective bargaining changes (II). Such immersion is necessary to learn all the lessons.


Hagen Lesch / Oliver Stettes et al.: Improving businesses’ competitiveness – Recent changes in collective bargaining in 4 European countries (France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom)

IconDownload | PDF


Free Trade between Europe and Japan – hope for global prosperity
Gastbeitrag, 20. Juni 2017

Hubertus Bardt on KKC International Platform Free Trade between Europe and Japan – hope for global prosperityArrow

In an environment with growing protectionism and the danger of economic disintegration and shocks for the global trade policy system, a free trade agreement between Japan and Europe could set a positive example. Progress in the negotiations are necessary to foster growth and prosperity and to send a message to other countries, that modern market economies rely on good trade relations. mehr

20. Juni 2017

Interview mit Tobias Paulun „Mit einem liquiden Markt sollte man nicht spielen“Arrow

Damit die EU eines Tages eine Energieunion mit grenzüberschreitendem Handel und einer gemeinsamen Energiepolitik wird, hat die EU-Kommission in ihrem neuen „Strommarktdesign“ unter anderem vorgeschlagen, die Preiszonen im Strommarkt neu zu definieren. Was die European Energy Exchange (EEX) davon hält, erläutert Tobias Paulun, Mitglied des EEX-Vorstands, im iwd. Zunächst aber erklärt er, was die Energiebörse in Leipzig überhaupt macht. mehr auf

IW-Nachricht, 19. Juni 2017

Jürgen Matthes Brexit: Missverständnisse vermeidenArrow

Fast ein Jahr nach dem Referendum beginnen heute die Brexit-Verhandlungen zwischen Großbritannien und der EU. Die Lage scheint vertrackt, doch in der öffentlichen Debatte wird die bisherige Position der britischen Regierung häufig missverstanden – und damit auch die Chancen für konstruktive Verhandlungen übersehen. mehr