Conducted in the spring of 2018, the survey shows that the situation has worsened significantly in the last four years. A good 68 per cent of the companies surveyed are regularly affected in their business activities by infrastructure deficiencies. This is 10 percentage points more than in autumn 2013. The proportion of significantly affected companies has risen particularly sharply, to 16 per cent. The most serious problems are caused by the road and communication networks. There are also regional differences in the level of the burden. The road traffic situation is particularly critical in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, while communication networks are causing problems in eastern Germany. In the case of the road networks, the problems mentioned in the survey have clearly been building up for many years as a result of underfunding. The issue is now being addressed and the government is making more money available for capital expenditure. However, this is itself one reason for the region’s current lower rating, as more road works initially mean more traffic jams and operational problems. It is becoming clear that the present problem is not so much a lack of money as a lack of qualified engineers at the relevant authorities. Here, too, the government is trying to ameliorate the situation, but there is a severe shortage of civil engineers on the job market. If these problems are to be solved in the medium term, the priority must be to make the civil service considerably more attractive for civil engineers.