One explanation for diverging regional developments lies in the innovation activities, internationalization and interconnectedness of regions. According to IW's 2016 regional ranking, the automotive locations of Wolfsburg, Dingolfing-Landau and Ingolstadt are the most dynamic regions due to their innovativeness and economic strength. But furthermore, these regions also have a high performance level. The IW regional ranking, which takes account of the level and development of economic performance, can provide important information on the varying strong points of regions, and thus on their potential for coping with current challenges, as for instance integrating refugees.