However, the much cited and particularly alarming finding that since reunification the poorest two quintiles of the population had registered hardly any real income growth does not stand up to scrutiny. With a slight shift in the start of the monitoring period and adjustment for changes in the sampling method, what was presented as a real rise of only 1 per cent turns into growth of nearly 8 per cent over the last 20 years. Most importantly, in relative terms the lower income groups have shared the positive economic development of the past decade equally with the middle and upper income groups. This is also reflected in the stable income distribution since 2005. Unlike inequality, the risk of poverty has been on the rise again since about 2010. However, this issue needs to be evaluated separately as it is linked, among other things, with the influx of refugees over the past few years. In general, the debate on inequality and poverty is being increasingly marred by the uncritical representation of discontinuities in the time series as real changes. The present paper promotes a more critical approach to the underlying data sets and advocates the use of plausibility tests.