In 44 per cent of cases these were measures to promote job-oriented basic education, since for those lacking sufficient basic competences, such as literacy and learning skills, access to specialist training courses is severely limited. This is shown by the results of a representative study carried out in 2018 by the German Economic Institute (IW) as part of the "AlphaGrund" project. In a previous survey four years earlier, only 29 per cent of companies had supported such workplace basic education programmes. Moreover, almost 60 per cent of companies currently expect a growing demand for assistance with job-related basic training for semi- and unskilled workers; in 2014, this was forecast by only just over a third of enterprises. If basic education is to be anchored in in-company continuing vocational training, labour market policy will need to adjust the framework conditions accordingly.