According to the requirements of the Federal Constitutional Court, there must be no double taxation of statutory pensions as part of the system change. Double taxation occurs if pension payments, which were financed by taxed pension contributions, are taxed again in the payment phase.
A comparison of the pension contributions paid from taxed income with the pension-free amount for typified employees shows that, starting with the current retirement years, there is double taxation of pensions over around 40 years. The legislator could minimize the cases of double taxation by slowing the increase in the taxable portion of the pension from 1 percentage point to 0.5 percentage points per year and, at the same time, allowing immediate, full deductibility of the pension contributions. This would not interrupt the adjustment process, but would reduce double taxation and even largely avoid it from 2030.
However, such a move would lead to tax losses from the state's perspective. Therefore, the legislator might compensate for this shortfall, for example by increasing other taxes.