The case of Germany
This report intends to investigate the employment and working conditions of migrant workers. The general objective is to compare the employment and working conditions of non-nationals and nationals.
In order to be able to make well-founded statements on the state of integration, it must first be clarified what this should actually entail. From the Duden's definition of a "connection of a multiplicity of individual persons or groups to form a social and cultural unit (Duden, 2020)", three areas can be derived .These are the formation of a common identity of immigrants and natives, the connection of their social networks and the equalization of their economic situation and living conditions.
An analysis of the microcensus shows that in 2017, around 2.4 million children and adolescents in Germany lived in non-German-speaking households. This corresponds to 17.7 per cent of all minors (under the age of eighteen) and 47.0 per cent of those with a migration background (defined as having at least one parent not born a German citizen).
In the 25 years between 1994 and 2019, the number of minors in Germany fell by 14.2 percent and in the EU-27 (excluding the United Kingdom) by 15.1 percent. However, the trends were very different.