The case of Germany
This report intends to investigate the employment and working conditions of migrant workers. The general objective is to compare the employment and working conditions of non-nationals and nationals.
Unlike their level of formal education, it is very difficult to monitor immigrants' German language skills and there is always a degree of uncertainty about their measurement. For this reason, the relationship between language skills and wages and unemployment was analysed using three different sets of data.
Although Germany has experienced a very high level of net immigration in recent years, the number of foreigners leaving the country has also increased significantly. Of the 708,000 who left Germany in 2017, 30 per cent had been in the country for more than three years and were therefore not typical examples of temporary forms of migration, such as studying abroad or international project work.
In recent years, net migration reached a new peak in Germany. Between 2011 and 2015, net migration amounted to more than 2.7 million people. This influx of people has had an impact on society, on the economy in general, and on most businesses.