The case of Germany
This report intends to investigate the employment and working conditions of migrant workers. The general objective is to compare the employment and working conditions of non-nationals and nationals.
The high level of immigration in recent years has led to a significant shift in Germany’s demographic structure. Without the immigrants and their children born in Germany since 2007, the share of 20-to29-year-olds in the total population in 2017 would have been 11.1 per cent - with them it was 12.0 per cent.
Since 2017, the microcensus records the motives of persons born abroad for moving to Germany. This provides new insights into the contexts in which immigration takes place.
Unlike their level of formal education, it is very difficult to monitor immigrants' German language skills and there is always a degree of uncertainty about their measurement. For this reason, the relationship between language skills and wages and unemployment was analysed using three different sets of data.