In recent years considerable strains have become apparent in the housing market for students. To measure the rental price trend for student accommodation, the Deutsche Real Estate Funds and the Cologne Institute for Economic Research developed a hedonic rent index for student accomodation. This index was calculated on the basis of data from ImmobilienScout24, a property website, on offerings in 15 large cities and university towns for the period from 2010 to 2016. The results indicate a clear, and in some cases substantial, rise in rents, ranging from 8.0 to 37.3 per cent. To make it easier to compare the results, the rent for a standardized student flat in each location was established. These hypothetical rents also reveal a considerable discrepancy between the cities covered by the data. While a monthly rent of 615 euros is payable in Munich, a comparable flat in Leipzig costs a mere 316 euros.
On 23 February 2020, the Berlin Senate introduced the Berlin rent freeze (‘Mietendeckel’). The law was repealed on 25 March 2021. The Berlin rent freeze was an unprecedented market intervention in the German housing market.
The effects of the Berlin rent cap on the city’s housing market were wide-reaching, with the supply of rental accommodation falling by more than half while the cap was in force.