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Scientific Publications of the Cologne Institute for Economic Research: IW-Trends, IW policy papers, IW-Analysen, IW-Studien, IW-Reports, IW-Kurzberichte and Expertises. Read more about our Approach to Research.

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Does the Future Fund bring new impetus to the start-up culture?
IW-Policy Paper No. 28 2. December 2021

Start-ups and venture capital in Germany: Does the Future Fund bring new impetus to the start-up culture?

Klaus-Heiner Röhl

This policy paper shows the development of foundations of new companies and start-ups in Germany and, after a look at the international venture capital markets, presents the Future Fund, with which the German government wants to put start-up financing on a new footing.


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To what extent do start-ups and venture capital serve as growth drivers
IW-Report No. 44 2. December 2021

Start-ups and economic growth in an international comparison

Klaus-Heiner Röhl / Leonie Heuer

This IW Report analyses the importance of entrepreneurial activity and Venture Capital for economic growth. Potential growth has declined significantly in the highly developed countries in recent years.


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No dramatic slump, but clear group-specific differences
IW-Report No. 43 1. December 2021

Professional Training in times of Corona

Regina Flake / Simon Janßen / Lisa Leschnig / Lydia Malin / Susanne Seyda

Despite the corona-related contact restrictions, participation in continuing vocational education and training (CET) had not declined massively by summer 2020. This is because a large part of the measures could still take place thanks to corresponding digital offers. However, there are significant differences depending on the employment sector, qualification level, gender and number of children of the participants in CET.


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Tripolar Challenges for the Social Market Economy
IW-Policy Paper No. 27 1. December 2021

Growth, Equity and Sustainability

Dominik Enste / Hans-Peter Klös

In the last two decades, a debate has unfolded around the relationship between growth and well-being that has produced numerous new concepts, indicators and sets of targets. This increasingly includes an emphasis on sustainability concepts.


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Disrupted Production, Price Rises and Pandemic Policies
IW-Trends No. 4 29. November 2021

IW Economic Forecast Winter 2021: Disrupted Production, Price Rises and Pandemic Policies

IW-Forschungsgruppe Gesamtwirtschaftliche Analysen und Konjunktur

In the course of 2021 Germany’s economic recovery has once again perceptibly lost momentum. After the strain brought about at the beginning of the year by the lockdown for the second and third waves of the Covid19 pandemic, manufacturing and construction companies are now struggling with a shortage of materials, while higher prices for fossil fuels are imposing an additional burden.


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Labour market participation, employment structures and personal assessments
IW-Analyse No. 147 22. November 2021

People with impairments in the labour market

Christiane Flüter-Hoffmann / Andrea Kurtenacker / Jörg Schmidt

This IW Analysis provides an empirical overview of the labour market situa¬tion of people with officially recognized disabilities based on official statistics and of people with impairments using data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).


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Balancing different costs and prices for industrial climate protection
IW-Report No. 41 8. November 2021

Industry, climate protection and trade: Balancing different costs and prices for industrial climate protection

Hubertus Bardt

In interrelated markets for exchangeable goods there is - apart from transaction costs - only one single price. In contrast, international climate protection is characterized by very different prices for greenhouse gas emissions.


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Recommendations to the new federal government
IW-Policy Paper No. 26 28. October 2021

What business needs to shape the transformation: Recommendations to the new federal government

Vera Demary / Jürgen Matthes / Axel Plünnecke / Thilo Schaefer

Germany is facing major structural challenges stemming from the four trends digitalisation, decarbonisation, demographics and de-globalisation. These trends occur simultaneously and cause additional demand for policy, especially at their interfaces, so that the transformation process can be shaped successfully.


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Green innovations in the basic materials industry in NRW
IW-Report No. 40 27. October 2021

Green innovations in the basic materials industry in NRW

Malte Küper / Oliver Koppel / Enno Kohlisch

Transforming the economy towards climate-neutrality poses major challenges for the energy-intensive primary industry in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW). At the same time, the development of environmentally friendly basic materials and production processes presents a great potential for transforming NRW into an attractive industrial location for the future.


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What can Germany learn from France and the United Kingdom?
IW-Analyse No. 145 20. October 2021

Minimum Wage Adjustment and a Living Wage in Germany

Hagen Lesch / Helena Schneider / Christoph Schröder

Germany’s Minimum Wage Act accords a Minimum Wage Commission the task of deciding on a biennial adjustment to the minimum wage. While including an overall assessment, their decision is to be oriented on the development of collective wages.


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