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Environment, Energy, Infrastructure

IW scientists in the Environment, Energy, Infrastructure competence area study the interaction between the economy and the environment.

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Their work is based on the conviction that Germany can only achieve sustainable development if climate protection is instituted efficiently, energy is made available in an affordable, safe and environmentally friendly form and business has access to natural resources. If this can be achieved, companies can take advantage of the market opportunities and locate their future development in Germany.

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Sections of the Research Unit

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Cooperation Partners

  • Wirtschaftskammer Österreich
  • Avenir Suisse
  • Delft University of Technology
  • Frontier Economics
  • Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universität zu Köln
  • Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
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Thilo Schaefer

Dr. Thilo Schaefer

Head of the Research Unit Environment, Energy, Infrastructure

Tel: +49 221 4981-791
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Sarah Fluchs

Dr. Sarah Fluchs

Economist for Environment, Circular Economy and Sustainability

Tel: +49 221 4981-838
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Adriana Neligan

Dr. Adriana Neligan

Senior Economist for Green Economy and Resource Economics

Tel: +49 30 27877-128
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Thomas Puls

Thomas Puls

Senior Economist for Transport and Infrastructure

Tel: +49 221 4981-766
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Finn Arnd Wendland

Finn Arnd Wendland

Consultant for energy and climate policy

Tel: +49 221 4981-798
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Studies and contributions

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6. Oct 6. Oct
Adriana Neligan Event 6. October 2021

Sustainable Finance: How to finance and achieve global decarbonisation

As governments across the world continue to face the challenge of tackling Covid-19, the current crisis also presents an unprecedented opportunity to reboot global economies in a manner that builds more sustainable, inclusive, and resilient societies, in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement.


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Change in Innovation in the German Motor Vehicle Industry
IW-Trends No. 3 14. September 2021

Change in Innovation in the German Motor Vehicle Industry

Enno Kohlisch / Oliver Koppel / Malte Küper / Thomas Puls

Social and political change necessitates corresponding innovations in motor vehicle technology. This paper analyses the nature of current technological progress in Germany’s motor vehicle industry.


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Conceptualisation of the potential Renewables-Pull-Effect
External Publication 21. July 2021

Conceptualisation of the potential Renewables-Pull-Effect

Sascha Samadi / Stefan Lechtenböhmer / Peter Viebahn / Andreas Fischer

This report was prepared by the Wuppertal Institute in cooperation with the German Economic Institute as part of the SCI4climate.NRW project. The report aims to shed light on the possible phenomenon that the availability and costs of "green" energy sources may become a relevant location factor for basic materials produced in a climate-neutral manner in the future.


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Climate Protection Impact and Value-Added Effects of Ramping Up the Production of Electricity-Based Liquid Energy Carriers
Expertise 25. March 2021

Synthetic fuels: potential for Europe

Manuel Fritsch / Thomas Puls / Thilo Schaefer

Synthetic fuels produced from green electricity can make a major contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions around the world. Liquid energy carriers produced from renewably generated electricity can be used in combustion engines without impacting the climate.


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Motivation, Design and Economic Implications of a CO2 Limit Offset in the EU
IW-Policy Paper No. 6 23. March 2021

Motivation, Design and Economic Implications of a CO2 Limit Offset in the EU

Galina Kolev / Roland Kube / Thilo Schaefer/ Leon Stolle

The European Green Deal stipulates an increase in the emissions reduction target for 2030 from 40 to 55 percent compared with the base year 1990. This also requires the ramp-up of extensive technology investments for a decarbonization pathway for industry, which tends to entail higher abatement costs.


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